Sparse Similarity

17.26 Sparse Similarity: The similarity of two documents (each with distinct words) is defined to be the size of the intersection divided by the size of the union. For example, if the documents consist of integers, the similarity of {1, 5, 3} and {1, 7, 2, 3} is e. 4, because the intersection has size 2 and the union has size 5. We have a long list of documents (with distinct values and each with an associated ID) where the similarity is believed to be "sparse:'That is, any two arbitrarily selected documents are very likely to have similarity O. Design an algorithm that returns a list of pairs of document IDs and the associated similarity. Print only the pairs with similarity greater than O. Empty documents should not be printed at all. For simplicity, you may assume each document is represented as an array of distinct integers.
EXAMPLE
Input:
13: {14, 15, 100, 9, 3}
16: {32, 1, 9, 3, 5}
19: {15, 29, 2, 6, 8, 7}
24: {7, l0}
Output:
ID1, ID2 SIMILARITY
13, 19 0.1
13, 16 0.25
19, 24 0.14285714285714285
Complexity: O(n^2) time and O(n) space The Idea: Pretty straightforward. It is just a matter of unloading the combinations and calculating the intersection and union between them. No fancy math, but I did want to emphasize the use of the reserve keyword to ensure proper time complexity and cache hit.
unordered_set<int> calc_union(const vector<int> &one, const vector<int> &two) {
unordered_set<int> unioned;
unioned.reserve(max(one.size(), two.size()));
for (int i : one) unioned.insert(i);
for (int i : two) unioned.insert(i);
return unioned;
}
unordered_set<int> calc_inters(const vector<int> &one, const vector<int> &two) {
unordered_set<int> inters, set2;
inters.reserve(max(one.size(), two.size()));
set2.reserve(two.size());
for (int i : two) set2.insert(i);
for (int i : one)
if (set2.find(i) != set2.end())
inters.insert(i);
return inters;
}
long long factorial(int n) {
long long prod = 1;
for (int i = 2; i <= n; i++) {
prod *= i;
}
return prod;
}
int combination(int n, int chose) {
//nCr = n! / r! (n - r)!
assert(n >= chose);
return factorial(n) / (factorial(chose) * factorial(n - chose));
}
vector<pair<pair<int, int>, double>> calc_doc_sim(const vector<pair<int, vector<int>>> &doc_data) {
vector<pair<pair<int, int>, double>> pair_wise_similiarity;
pair_wise_similiarity.reserve(combination(doc_data.size(), 2));
double similiarity = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < doc_data.size(); i++) {
for (int j = i + 1; j < doc_data.size(); j++) {
double union_size = calc_union(doc_data.at(i).second, doc_data.at(j).second).size();
double inters_size = calc_inters(doc_data.at(i).second, doc_data.at(j).second).size();
if (union_size != 0)
similiarity = inters_size / union_size;
else similiarity = 0;
pair_wise_similiarity.push_back({ { doc_data.at(i).first, doc_data.at(j).first }, similiarity });
}
}
return pair_wise_similiarity;
}
int main()
{
vector<pair<int,vector<int>>> document_data = {
{ 13, {14, 15, 100, 9, 3} },
{ 16, {32, 1, 9, 3, 5} },
{ 19, {15, 29, 2, 6, 8, 7}},
{ 24, {7, 10}}
};
vector<pair<pair<int, int>, double>> doc_sim = calc_doc_sim(document_data);
for (auto i : doc_sim) {
if (i.second != 0)
cout << i.first.first << ", " << i.first.second << ": " << i.second << endl;
}
}